Roughly 10% of all people who experiment with drugs become addicted. A combination of environmental
and genetic factors influence the likelihood of addiction.
Environmental risk factors are characteristics in a person's surroundings that increase their likelihood
of becoming addicted to drugs. A person may have many environments, or domains, of influence such as the
community, family, school, and friends. Their risk of addiction can develop in any of these domains.
The Community Domain
An individual's connection with the community in which they live plays a big part in their liklihood
of abusing drugs. Statistics show that if a person's community has favorable attitudes toward drug use,
firearms and crime, their risk is increased.
The availability of firearms contributes to drug abuse risk.
Low neighborhood attachment and community disorganization.
The Peer Domain
The single biggest contributing factor to drug abuse risk is having friends who engage in the problem behavior.
If an individual's friends have favorable attitudes towards drug use, this can also increase risk.
The difficulty of "finding new friends".
The Family Domain
Family conflict and home management problems are contributing factors in drug abuse risk. Also,
if parents have favorable attitudes towards drug use or use drugs themselves, often their
children will be more likely to abuse drugs.
While divorce alone doesn't increase risk, family conflict does.
Family transition and mobility can contribute to risk.
The School Domain
A student's performance, participation, and commitment to school can be a major risk factor in addiction.
Academic failure beginning in late elementary school increases risk.
Genetic Science Learning Center. (2013, August 30) Environmental Risk Factors.
Retrieved September 30, 2016, from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/environment/
Environmental Risk Factors [Internet]. Salt Lake City (UT): Genetic Science Learning Center; 2013
[cited 2016 Sep 30] Available from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/environment/