The Science of Addiction: Genetics and the Brain
Neurons Transport Messages in the Brain

Neurons Transport Messages in the Brain

Neurons are the cells that pass chemical and electrical signals along the pathways in the brain. They come in many shapes and sizes. Their shapes and connections help them carry out specialized functions, such as storing memories or controlling muscles.

Neurons Communicate via the Synapse

Information from one neuron flows to another neuron across a small gap called a synapse (SIN-aps). At the synapse, electrical signals are translated into chemical signals in order to cross the gap. Once on the other side, the signal becomes electrical again.

One sending neuron can connect to several receiving neurons, and one receiving neuron can connect to several sending neurons.



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APA format:
Genetic Science Learning Center (2014, June 22) Neurons Transport Messages in the Brain. Learn.Genetics. Retrieved July 26, 2016, from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/neurons/
MLA format:
Genetic Science Learning Center. "Neurons Transport Messages in the Brain." Learn.Genetics 26 July 2016 <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/neurons/>
Chicago format:
Genetic Science Learning Center, "Neurons Transport Messages in the Brain," Learn.Genetics, 22 June 2014, <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/neurons/> (26 July 2016)