Variation + Selection & Time
Artificial vs. Natural Selection

Artificial vs. Natural Selection

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Photo Credits

Title Slide

Menke, D. (2003). Cassin's Finch. US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Slide 04

Kramer, G. (2008). Gray Wolf. US Fish and Wildlife Service.
1. Nunziata, C. (2009). Yellow Labrador.
2. Gunnandreassen (2007). Flat Coated Retriever.
5. Korbel, M. (2007). Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.
7. Belinda (2005). Silver Miniature Poodle.
8. Morgan, D. (2006). Newfoundland Dog.

Slide 05

Michael Slonecker

Slide 06

Waugsberg (2007). Queen bee.
Eitan (1976)

Slide 07

1. Nebelsiek, K. (2007). Vosgienne Cow.
4. Schipul, E. (2008). Texas Longhorn Cow.
5. Dilo ,V. (2008). Highland Cow.
6. Bugallo Sanchez, L.M. (2008). Galician Blond.
7. Keith Weller
Regis Lefebure, USDA
Michael Thompson

Slide 08

Kaushai, A. (2008). Mustard Plant.
1. Medrano, D. (2007). Cabbage.
2. Owen-Wahi, R. (2008). Broccoli.
3. Zenze, R. (2005). Mustard.
5. TheBittenWord.com
6. Rasbak. (2005). Kale.
7. Hunt, Eric. Brussel Sprouts.
8. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tigobrasiko.jpg
9. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Brassica_oleracea_02.JPG

Slide 09

Berghaeuser, S. (2007).
Thetford, L. Teosinte.

Slide 10

Kaiser, N. (2006). Rock Pigeon.
2. Gifford, J. (2008). Zitterhall.
3. Manning, G. (2008). King Pigeons.
4. Gifford, J. (2008). Fantail Pigeon.
5. Gifford, J. (2008). English Carrier.
6. Gifford, J. (2008). African Owl Pigeon.
7. Gifford, J. (2008). Parlour Tumbler.
8. Manning, G. (2008). American Giant Runt.
9. Manning, G. (2007). Serbian Highflier Hen.
10. Gifford, J. (2007). Pigmy Pouter Pigeon.
11. Gifford, J. (2008). Frillback Pigeon.
12. Gifford, J. (2007). Old Dutch Capuchine.

Slide 11

Gross L (2006)

To learn more about corn domestication, visit The evolution of corn.

Genetically modified food is a recent phenomenon.

Farmers have been manipulating heritable traits—which are encoded by genes—for millennia.

HHMI Holiday Lecture Connection

Dr. David Kingsley describes why Darwin used selective breeding as a key analogy to introduce his idea of evolution by natural selection.

HHMI Holiday Lecture Connection

Dr. David Kingsley reviews the history of dog domestication and provides examples of dog varieties generated by selective breeding.


Driscoll, C.A., Macdonald, D.W., O'Brien, S.J. (2009). From wild animals to domestic pets, an evolutionary view of domestication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 16, 9971-9978. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0901586106.

Andersson, L. (2001). Genetic dissection of phenotypic diversity in farm animals. Nature Reviews Genetics, 2, 130-138 (subscription required). doi:10.1038/35052563.

Pang, J-F., Kluetsch, C., Zou, X-J., Zhang, A-B., Luo, L-Y., Angleby, H., Ardalan, A., Ekström, C., Sköllermo, A., Lundeberg, J., Matsumura, S., Leitner, T., Zhang, Y-P., Savolainen, P. (2009). mtDNA data indicate a single origin for dogs south of Yangtze River, less than 16,300 years ago, from numerous wolves. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 26(12), 2849-2864. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msp195.

Savolainen, P., Zhang, Y-P., Luo, J., Lundeberg, J., Leitner, T. (2002). Genetic evidence for an East Asian origin of dogs. Science, 298, 1610-1613 (registration required).

Shearin, A.L., Ostrander, E.A. (2010). Canine morphology: hunting for genes and tracking mutations. Public Library of Science Biology 8(3), e1000310. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000310.

Akey, J.M., Ruhe, A.L., Akey, D.T., Wong, A.K., Connelly, C.F., Madeoy, J., Nicholas, T.J., Neff, M.W. (2010). Tracking footprints of artificial selection in the dog genome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 107, 1160-1165.

Vil`a, C., Leonard, J.A., Götherström, A., Marklund, S., Sandberg, K., Lidén, K., Wayne, R.K., Ellegren, H. (2001). Widespread origins of domestic horse lineages. Science, 291, 474-477 (registration required).

Gu, J., Orr, N., Park, S.D., Katz, L.M., Sulimova, G., et al. (2009). A genome scan for positive selection in thoroughbred horses. Public Library of Science Biology ONE, 4(6), e5767. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005767.

Page, R.E. Jr., Scheiner, R., Erber, J., Amdam, G.V. (2006). The development and evolution of division of labor and foraging specialization in a social insect (Apis mellifera L.). Current Topics in Developmental Biology, 74, 253-86.

Doebley, J. (2004). The genetics of maize evolution. Annual Review of Genetics, 38, 37-59 (subscription required).

Bartels, T. (2003). Variations in the morphology, distribution, and arrangement of feathers in domesticated birds. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution, 298(1), 91-108 (subscription required).

Abzhanov, A., Kuo, W.P., Hartmann, C., Grant, B.R., Grant, P.R., Tabin, C.J. (2006). The calmodulin pathway and evolution of elongated beak morphology in Darwin's finches. Nature, 442(7102), 563-567 (subscription required). doi:10.1038/nature04843.


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APA format:
Genetic Science Learning Center (2014, June 22) Artificial vs. Natural Selection. Learn.Genetics. Retrieved July 29, 2016, from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/selection/artificial/
MLA format:
Genetic Science Learning Center. "Artificial vs. Natural Selection." Learn.Genetics 29 July 2016 <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/selection/artificial/>
Chicago format:
Genetic Science Learning Center, "Artificial vs. Natural Selection," Learn.Genetics, 22 June 2014, <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/selection/artificial/> (29 July 2016)