Artificial vs. Natural Selection

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Photo credits

Title Slide

Menke, D. (2003). Cassin's Finch. US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Slide 04

Kramer, G. (2008). Gray Wolf. US Fish and Wildlife Service.
1. Nunziata, C. (2009). Yellow Labrador.
2. Gunnandreassen (2007). Flat Coated Retriever.
5. Korbel, M. (2007). Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.
7. Belinda (2005). Silver Miniature Poodle.
8. Morgan, D. (2006). Newfoundland Dog.

Slide 05

Michael Slonecker

Slide 06

Waugsberg (2007). Queen bee.
Eitan (1976)

Slide 07

1. Nebelsiek, K. (2007). Vosgienne Cow.
4. Schipul, E. (2008). Texas Longhorn Cow.
5. Dilo ,V. (2008). Highland Cow.
6. Bugallo Sanchez, L.M. (2008). Galician Blond.
7. Keith Weller
Regis Lefebure, USDA
Michael Thompson

Slide 08

Kaushai, A. (2008). Mustard Plant.
1. Medrano, D. (2007). Cabbage.
2. Owen-Wahi, R. (2008). Broccoli.
3. Zenze, R. (2005). Mustard.
5. TheBittenWord.com
6. Rasbak. (2005). Kale.
7. Hunt, Eric. Brussel Sprouts.
8. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tigobrasiko.jpg
9. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Brassica_oleracea_02.JPG

Slide 09

Berghaeuser, S. (2007).
Thetford, L. Teosinte.

Slide 10

Kaiser, N. (2006). Rock Pigeon.
2. Gifford, J. (2008). Zitterhall.
3. Manning, G. (2008). King Pigeons.
4. Gifford, J. (2008). Fantail Pigeon.
5. Gifford, J. (2008). English Carrier.
6. Gifford, J. (2008). African Owl Pigeon.
7. Gifford, J. (2008). Parlour Tumbler.
8. Manning, G. (2008). American Giant Runt.
9. Manning, G. (2007). Serbian Highflier Hen.
10. Gifford, J. (2007). Pigmy Pouter Pigeon.
11. Gifford, J. (2008). Frillback Pigeon.
12. Gifford, J. (2007). Old Dutch Capuchine.

Slide 11

Gross L (2006)
To learn more about corn domestication, visit The evolution of corn.
 MISCONCEPTION
Genetically modified food is a recent phenomenon.

 REALITY
Farmers have been manipulating heritable traits—which are encoded by genes—for millennia.
References

References

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Akey, J.M., Ruhe, A.L., Akey, D.T., Wong, A.K., Connelly, C.F., Madeoy, J., Nicholas, T.J., Neff, M.W. (2010). Tracking footprints of artificial selection in the dog genome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 107, 1160-1165.

Vil`a, C., Leonard, J.A., Götherström, A., Marklund, S., Sandberg, K., Lidén, K., Wayne, R.K., Ellegren, H. (2001). Widespread origins of domestic horse lineages. Science, 291, 474-477 (registration required).

Gu, J., Orr, N., Park, S.D., Katz, L.M., Sulimova, G., et al. (2009). A genome scan for positive selection in thoroughbred horses. Public Library of Science Biology ONE, 4(6), e5767. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005767.

Page, R.E. Jr., Scheiner, R., Erber, J., Amdam, G.V. (2006). The development and evolution of division of labor and foraging specialization in a social insect (Apis mellifera L.). Current Topics in Developmental Biology, 74, 253-86.

Doebley, J. (2004). The genetics of maize evolution. Annual Review of Genetics, 38, 37-59 (subscription required).

Bartels, T. (2003).Variations in the morphology, distribution, and arrangement of feathers in domesticated birds. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution, 298(1), 91-108 (subscription required).

Abzhanov, A., Kuo, W.P., Hartmann, C., Grant, B.R., Grant, P.R., Tabin, C.J. (2006). The calmodulin pathway and evolution of elongated beak morphology in Darwin's finches. Nature, 442(7102), 563-567 (subscription required). doi:10.1038/nature04843.


APA format:

Genetic Science Learning Center. (2013, July 1) Artificial vs. Natural Selection. Retrieved December 05, 2016, from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/selection/artificial/

CSE format:

Artificial vs. Natural Selection [Internet]. Salt Lake City (UT): Genetic Science Learning Center; 2013 [cited 2016 Dec 5] Available from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/selection/artificial/

Chicago format:

Genetic Science Learning Center. "Artificial vs. Natural Selection." Learn.Genetics.July 1, 2013. Accessed December 5, 2016. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/selection/artificial/.