Louisa Stark, Ph.D., Executive Producer
Kevin Pompei, Producer
Harmony Starr, Art Team Manager

When citing a page from this site you can generally use this style:
"Title of page."Genetic Science Learning Center. 2016. University of Utah. Today's date (day month year) ‹web url›.

For example:
"Natural Reward Pathways Exist In The Brain."Genetic Science Learning Center. 2016. University of Utah. ‹›.

Core Curriculum Development Team

Sheila Avery
Molly Malone
Kevin Pompei
Louisa Stark, Ph.D.
Harmony Starr

Teacher Development Team

This project was created through a partnership between the Genetic Science Learning Center and a talented group of science teachers who provided the inspiration for the materials in this module. Credits (in alphabetical order):

Mary Bucklew, Orem JHS, Orem, UT
Marcia Butler, Lotus Academy, Philadelphia, PA
Donna Capasso, Adele C. Young Intermediate, North Logan, UT
Joan Carlson, Bancroft School, West Boylston, MA
Anne Debarros, Jeremiah E. Burke HS, Boston, MA
Ellen Doane, Timberline MS, Santaquin, UT
Matthew Dugan, Madison Park HS, Quincy, MA
Mario Godoy-Gonzalez, Royal HS, Royal City, WA
Carrie Hartman, Murray HS, Midvale, UT
Susan Hinojoza, James Logan HS, Union City, CA
Alexa Johnson, Kamiak HS, Everett, WA
Crystal King, West HS, Salt Lake City, UT
Marilyn Pendley, West Iredell HS, Newton, NC
Suzanne Piper, North Kitsap HS, Keyport, WA
RevaBeth Russell, Lehi HS, Springville, UT
Steve Scheidell, Murray HS, Murray, UT
Erik Shold, Landmark HS, New York, NY
Ann Sowd, Hoover HS, Uniontown, OH
David van Dijk, Pleasant Grove HS, Pleasant Grove, UT
Sterling Wadley, Springville HS, Pleasant Grove, UT


Module Index Page
What it means to be "hard-wired" - Terry Robinson and Bryan Kolb, University of Michigan, University of Lethbridge
Smoking woman - Nick Lobeck

The Other Brain Cells
Astrocytes - Adrienne M. Benediktsson, University of Iowa

Drugs Alter the Brain's Reward Pathway
PET scan images for meth and cocaine - Dr. Nora Volkow, Brookhaven National Laboratory

Genetics Is an Important Factor in Addiction
Baby - Paul Preacher
Pills (in composite) - Cheryl Yau

P.I.: Pedigree Investigator, On the Case of Nicotine Addiction, information panel:What Is It?
slide 1: Father - Juanita De Paola
Mother and Daughter - Giuseppe Crimeni
Son - Natasha Turner
slide 5: Woman - Michel Collot
Older man - Mark Karstad
Younger man - Corey Ward

Discovering Genes Using the Candidate Gene Approach
Researchers - Centers for Disease Control

Mice Are Good Models for Addiction Research
Mouse - Jackson Laboratories
C. elegans - Dr. Erik Jorgensen
Dr. Scott Rogers - The Brain Institute at the University of Utah

Timing and Circumstances Influence Addiction
Adolescent brains - Paul Thompson, Kiralee Hayashi, Arthur Toga, UCLA/Nitin Gogtay, Jay Giedd, Judy Rapoport/NIMH
Mohawk youth - Mike Mays
Martini - Christy Thompson
Monkey PET scans (in slideshow) - Michael A. Nader, Ph.D., Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Environmental Risk Factors for Addiction
Peer domain - Jim Ario
Family domain (composite) - Kadri Poldma and Ariel Camilo

Challenges and Issues in Addiction
Schizophrenic smoker - Daniel Jaeger Vendruscolo

Treatment Past and Present
Methadone - Fred Shakeshaft

Cannabis in the Clinic: The Medical Marijuana Debate
Pipe - Matthew Maaskant

Mental Illness and Drug Abuse
Anatomical illustration of head - Wilhelm Braune

Special Acknowledgments

A very special thanks toJennifer Logan, Ph.D., for her leadership as the original Principal Investigator on the grant that funded this project.

We would also like to thank the speakers at our 2003 and 2004 Genetics and Addiction Master Teacher Programs:

Glen R. Hanson, Ph.D., D.D.S., Professor of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Utah

Kelly J. Lundberg, Ph.D., Clinical Assistant Professor Department of Psychiatry, U of U School of Medicine

Jeffrey R. Botkin, M.D., M.P.H., Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Ethics, Associate Vice President for Research Integrity, University of Utah

William McMahon, M.D., Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Pediatrics, Psychology and Educational Psychology, University of Utah

Scott Rogers, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Neurobiology and Anatomy, University of Utah

Jack Taylor, D.V.M., Ph.D. Director, Department of Animal Resources, University of Utah

Troy Booher, J.D., Snell & Wilmer, L.L.P. Law Clerk for Judge Judith Billings, Utah Court of Appeals and Adjunct Professor, Department of Political Science, U of U

Illustration, Design, and Layout

Peter Anderson
Sheila Avery
Brendan Nicholson
Harmony Starr


Peter Anderson
Sheila Avery
Brendan Nicholson
Kevin Pompei
Harmony Starr


Kevin Pompei
Mathew Weaver


Linda Andrews
Sheila Avery
Molly Malone
April Mitchell
Harmony Starr

Video Production

Peter Anderson

Sound Effects

Peter Anderson
Harmony Starr

Voice Talent

Make a Mad, Mad, Mad Neuron
Dr. Dendristein - Michael Ferreri

The Reward Pathway Reinforces Behavior
Molly Malone

Crossing the Divide: How Neurons Talk to Each Other
Molly Malone

Mouse Party
Molly Malone

Discovering Genes Using the Candidate Gene Approach
Molly Malone

Social Environment Impacts the Reward Pathway
Molly Malone


PI: Pedigree Investigator, On the Case of Nicotine Addiction
(in order of appearance)
Wally Marshall - Tony Larimer
Geneticist Interviewer - Harmony Starr
Elizabeth Marshall - Anita Booher
Todd and Alex Marshall - Patrick and Paul Gibbs

Jennifer Marshall - Daisy Blake
Vanessa Goldberg - Annette Wright
Victor Marshall - Richard Scott
James Marshall - Dan Larrinaga
Tess Marshall - Ann-Marie Davis

Audio Clips

Patrick Fleming

Patrick Fleming, M.A., L.S.A.C. is Director of the Salt Lake County Substance Abuse Services.

Kelly J. Lundberg

Kelly J. Lundberg, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Utah School of Medicine.

Glen R. Hanson

Glen R. Hanson, Ph.D., D.D.S. is a Professor in the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology at the University of Utah.

Robert J. Melamede

Robert J. Melamede, Ph.D. is a researcher and Chairman of the Biology Department of the University of Colorado, Colorado Springs.

Scott W. Rogers

Scott W. Rogers, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor in the Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy at the University of Utah School of Medicine.

William Notcutt

William Notcutt, MD is an anesthesiologist and lead researcher for medical cannabis clinical trials on MS patients at James Paget Medical Center, UK.

National Institute on Drug Abuse

Supported by a Science Education Drug Abuse Partnership Award (SEDAPA), from The National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health. Grant Number: R25DA15461

APA format:

Genetic Science Learning Center. (2013, August 30) Credits. Retrieved November 02, 2019, from

CSE format:

Credits [Internet]. Salt Lake City (UT): Genetic Science Learning Center; 2013 [cited 2019 Nov 2] Available from

Chicago format:

Genetic Science Learning Center. "Credits." Learn.Genetics. August 30, 2013. Accessed November 2, 2019.