Monkeyflower Mixer

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Gene Regulation and Flower Color

Flower color is genetically determined. Genes code for the protein machinery needed to build pigment molecules. As the proteins do their job, the pigments they build collect in flower cells. We see the pigments as color.

In the activity above, you act as a regulatory protein that controls gene activity. By turning genes up or down, you fine-tune the amount and type of pigment-producing protein machinery made. Different types and amounts of machinery produce different types and amounts of pigment. Flower color changes.

The regulatory proteins that control when, where, and how much protein is made from a gene are called transcription factors. It’s because of transcription factors that even though all the cells of a flower have the same genes, they can make different colors. With different colors, patterns are created.

Transcription factors aren’t unique to flowers. They contribute to many traits in plants and in animals—including many of your own!

Related Content

The Genetics of Flower Color take a deepter look at how flower color is genetically controlled.

For more on general gene regulation, visit Anatomy of a Gene and Old Genes, New Tricks.

APA format:

Genetic Science Learning Center. (2018, January 22) Monkeyflower Mixer. Retrieved May 14, 2024, from

CSE format:

Monkeyflower Mixer [Internet]. Salt Lake City (UT): Genetic Science Learning Center; 2018 [cited 2024 May 14] Available from

Chicago format:

Genetic Science Learning Center. "Monkeyflower Mixer." Learn.Genetics. January 22, 2018. Accessed May 14, 2024.